Sunday, 1 April 2018

Education Edge PMP Prep Course Class Exam 1 - Solutions



Initiating
Planning
Monitoring and Controlling
Executing
 
2. The transition from one phase to another within a project's lifecycle (e.g., from design to manufacturing) is typically marked by:
Kill point
Monte Carlo
Constraint
Decision tree
 
3. Rick has just been assigned as the project manager of a project to develop a complex product.
The project is in the Define Scope phase. Which of these tools and techniques will Rick not use in this phase?
Systems analysis
Process analysis
Product breakdown
Value engineering
4.  Which of the following is not a project competing constraint?
Cost
Procurement
Risk
Resource
 


5. David was required to investigate a business problem and describe the higher-level needs of the business as a whole. David’s final reports describes in detail the features, functions and characteristics of the product that will meet the business and stakeholder requirements. What is wrong with David’s report?

David was asked to analyze the solution requirements but he focused on the business requirements.
David was asked to analyze the business requirements but he focused on the solution requirements.
David was asked to analyze the functional requirements but he focused on the non-functional requirements.
David was asked to analyze the non-functional requirements but he focused on the functional requirements.

 

6. Which of these tools and techniques is common to all seven Project Integration Management processes?

Meetings
Data analysis
Data gathering
Expert Judgment
 
 

7. You have a project in which you are responsible for building a condo complex in a resort town. The project is expected to take two years to complete. During your work breakdown structure meeting, you have decomposed many deliverables into work packages and schedule activities. However, there are some work packages that will occur a year from now, so you have elected not to decompose those deliverables and work packages at this time. This is an example of what tool or technique?

Scope Creep
Poor Planning
Rolling Wave Planning
Time-delayed Decomposition
 
8. The organization's safety and health policy, ethics policy, project policy, and quality policy can be used by a project to influence its success. All these policies are a part of:
Organizational process assets
The project management plan
Enterprise environmental factors
Historical databases


 

9. Which of the following is an incorrect classification of a feasibility study?

A feasibility study may be considered a stand-alone project.
A feasibility study may be considered pre-project work.
A feasibility study may be considered the first phase of a project.
A feasibility study may be considered a program.

 

10. Which of the following is the correct logical sequence of the five process groups?

Planning, Monitoring and Controlling, Initiating, Executing, Closing
Planning, Initiating, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, Closing
Initiating, Planning, Execution, Monitor and Control, Closing
Initiating, Planning, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, Closing

 

11. The list of identified risks is found in the risk register. However, the overall high-level project risks is first listed in the:

Scope statement
Requirement document
Project charter
Risk management plan
 
12. A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) dictionary supports the WBS and is a companion document to the WBS. Which of the following is not included in the WBS dictionary?
List of schedule milestones
Resource assigned
Agreement Information
Code of Account Identifier


 

13. Close Project or Phase is the process of completing and concluding all activities across all process groups to officially close the project. Which of the following activities is not performed during this process?

Actions required to transfer completed products to operations
Actions required to archive project information
Actions required to audit project success or failure
Actions required to accept the deliverables

 

14. Which of the following is not a tool and technique of the Collect Requirements process?

Mind mapping
Interviews
Questionnaires
Traceability matrix

 

15. What is a recommended method for controlling change within a project?

Have only the project manager able to initiate change.
Have each change approved or rejected through a formal change control process.
Allow each project member ultimate control of changes within their realm of the project without a review process.
Freeze scope and allow absolutely no changes.
 
16. Which of these is an example of a facilitation technique to determine critical characteristics for new product development?
Total Quality Management (TQM)
Pareto Analysis
Internal Quality Deployment (IQD)
Quality Function Deployment (QFD)
 
 
17. You are having your project team members record the time they spend on different activities during the day, such as programming, electrical, HVAC, etc. This is an example of a tool and technique in what process?
Manage Communications
Direct and Manage Project Work
Monitor and Control Project Work
Manage Team
 
18. Which of the following is an output of the Create WBS process?
Scope baseline
Project scope statement
Decomposition
Requirements documentation
 
19. Laurence is the PMO manager at ANZ Company. The CEO of the company asked Laurence to review the business requirements and develop the current year’s capital management plan. The capital management plan will outline the key business deliverables (capital projects) and will go to the board for final approval. Which of the following organizational artifacts should Laurence review to analyze the business requirements for the current fiscal year?
Lessons Learned
Capital budget for the current year
Organizational Process Assets
Organizational Strategy
 
20. A complicated software project was authorized by a project sponsor. However, the users who were intended to use the product found it extremely difficult to articulate their requirements. What technique can be employed to elicit requirements for such a project?
Job overlaying
Hidden participant
Job duplication
Job shadowing
 
21. Although it is highly recommended that lessons learned are captured and documented throughout the project lifecycle, lessons learned are finalized during project closure. At this stage, responses to high-level questions may be gathered and documented. Which of the following is not an appropriate question to ask at this stage?
What were the top significant project successes?
How relevant the historic lessons learned were to this project during execution?
What obstacles or unanticipated circumstances made it difficult to complete the project?
What should have been done differently in this project?
 
22. Project performance measurements assess the magnitude of variation from the original cost baseline. Once the degree of cost variation is known, what step is performed next?
Audit the project team
Upgrade the configuration management database with new controls.
Replanning
Perform root cause analysis of the variance’s cause relative to the cost baseline
 
23. Which of the following is neither an input nor an output of the Direct and Manage Project Work process?
Approved change requests
Change requests
Approved deliverables
Deliverables
 
24. Which of the following is not an example of a work performance report?
Status report
Project charter
Progress report
Project dashboard
 
25. Which of the following defines the total scope of the project and represents the work specified in the current approved project scope statement?
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
Bill of Material (BOM)
Project Charter
Requirements Breakdown Structure (RBS)
 
26. Midway through the Collect Requirements process, a project manager finds there are many unresolved issues regarding product requirements. Which of the following is usually the best way to discover and resolve issues?
Interviewing
Use of a stakeholder register
Questionnaires
Workshops

 
27. Which of the following processes gives the project management team insights into the health of the project?
Develop Project Management Plan
Perform Integrated Change Control
Monitor and Control Project Work
Determine Budget
 
28. Which of the following is not an input to the Develop Project Charter process?
Agreements
Business Case
Benefits management plan
Stakeholder register
 
29. The Requirements Traceability Matrix helps in tracing all the following except:
Requirements to project objectives
Requirements to project scope
Requirements to test strategy
Requirements to project risk
 
30. A change request that is issued to bring the performance of the project back in line with the project management plan is related to:
Corrective action
Defect repair
Proactive action
Preventive action
 
31. As the Project Manager for Midway Carnival Rides, you are beginning the Define Scope process. Which of the following is a key input to this process?
Project Scope Statement
Expert Judgment
Project Charter
WBS


 

32. Why are the approved change requests input to the Direct and Manage Project Work process?

The project team may reject approved change requests during the Direct and Manage Project Work process.
Approved change requests are implemented by the project team during the Direct and Manage Project Work process.
The project team monitors approved change requests during the Direct and Manage Project Work process.
The project team reviews approved change requests during the Direct and Manage Project Work process.

 

33. The project manager of a long-term project to develop a new medical device waits until the later phase where the deliverables are more clearly defined before adding those details to the WBS. This is an example of:

Poor planning
Balanced planning
Deferred planning
Rolling Wave planning
 
34. Which of the following inaccurately describes a prototype?
A prototype is tangible and allows stakeholders to fine-tune their expectations.
Requirements from a prototype are usually insufficient to move to the design phase.
Prototypes support the concept of progressive elaboration.
A prototype is a working model of the expected product.
 
35.  While managing a project, you have included the product acceptance criteria in the Quality Management Plan. While reviewing your plan, a senior manager asks you to reconsider this. You then realize that what you did is incorrect. Where should you place the product acceptance criteria?
Project Charter
Change control process
Project Scope Statement
Scope Verification Plan

 
 

36. Projects operating in agile environments where a high degree of uncertainty exists and where the scope is not yet fully defined, may not benefit from detailed cost calculations due to frequent changes. Instead, lightweight estimation methods can be used to generate a fast, high-level forecast of project labor costs, which can then be easily adjusted as changes arise. Detailed estimates are:

Reserved for short-term planning horizons in a just-in-time fashion.
Never developed in an agile project.
Only developed if the project stakeholders allow the project manager to do so.
Developed early during the project but are never updated due to frequent changes.
 
37. A first-time project manager was assigned to a project that had a duration of three months. In order to get a head start on the project,
the manager took an older, completed the project and incorporated all the tools, techniques, and checklists in their entirety from
that project into the current one. The older project was completed in 14 months’ time and was remarkably similar in nature.
The most appropriate comment on this would be:
    This is an excellent example of re-use of artifacts from prior projects.
This may be unnecessary. The project management team needs to decide what is appropriate for the project.
This is not the correct procedure. The project manager should always create processes and documents afresh for new projects.
This is not correct. The project manager is violating copyright and intellectual property rights of the organization's prior customers.
 
38. List the 10 knowledge Areas in the order of PMBOK
39. What do projects Deliver? - Requirements / Outcomes in the form of Product, Service and Results
40. What must the requirements be mapped to while collecting requirements? - Objectives of the project listed in the Charter

 

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